Clinico-microbiological Profile and Visual outcome in Traumatic Endophthalmitis following Pars Plana Vitrectomy at a Tertiary Eye Care Centre of Nepal
Introduction: Endophthalmitis is a potentially devastating ocular complication of perforating eye injury where prompt intervention can save some vision. This study aims to explore the clinico-microbiologic profile and visual outcome following pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in traumatic endophthalmitis.
Methods: This is a retrospective interventional case series study conducted at a tertiary eye care centre of Nepal. A total of 49 consecutive cases (49 eyes) of endophthalmitis following PEI, who underwent PPV from January 2007 to June 2010 were included in the study.
Results: Mean age was 14.7 years (S.D. 14.27). Twenty seven patients (55%) were of age group below 10 years. Male to female ratio was 2.75:1. Mean duration of presentation was 8.9 days. Nineteen eyes (36.73%) had injuries with wooden sticks, followed by injury with metallic objects in 16 patients (32.56%). PEI involving zone I was found in 31 eyes (63.25%). The retained intraocular foreign body was found in seven patients (14.2%). The post operative vision improved in almost 24 cases (49%) with visual recovery of 20/200 and better in six cases (12.24%). The vitreous culture was positive in five cases (12.8%) with predominant streptococcus pneumonia in four cases (10.25%).
Conclusions: Children were the mostly affected group with males outnumbering females. Wooden sticks and metallic objects were the commonest insulting agents. Despite the late presentation and predominant zone I injury, eye could be salvaged in majority with visual recovery of 20/200 and better in six cases (12.24%).
Keywords: endophthalmitis; intra-ocular foreign body; perforating eye injury; vitrectomy .
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