Road Traffic Accident and its Characteristics in Kathmandu Valley

  • Ling Huang Department of Preventive Medicines, Medical college of china three gorges University, Yichang, China, Department of community Medicine and Public Health, institute of Medicine at tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Krishna P Adhikary Nepal Health Research Council, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Bishnu P Choulagai Department of community Medicine and Public Health, institute of Medicine at tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal, Department of internal Medicine and clinical nutrition, institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska academy at University of gothenburg, Sweden.
  • Nanping Wang Department of Preventive Medicines, Medical college of china three gorges University, Yichang, china
  • Amod K Poudyal Department of community Medicine and Public Health, institute of Medicine at tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Sharad R Onta Department of community Medicine and Public Health, institute of Medicine at tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
Keywords: injury; Nepal; road traffic accident; road safety.

Abstract

Introduction: Road traffic accident is alarming in Nepal. The objective of this research is to find out the characteristics of RTA in central part of Nepal.
Methods: A prospective descriptive study was taken from 1 August 2014 to 31 July 2015. Data were collected from postmortem department and nine hospitals in Kathmandu Valley. Inventory sheets with targeted variables for secondary sources were created.
Results: A total of 3461 morbidity cases from hospitals and 265 mortality cases from postmortem department were included in this study. The ratio of male victim to female was 2.3:1. Around 75% of victims were between 15-49 years old. Pedestrians were the most vulnerable (33%) followed by riders of motorized 2-3 wheelers. Two wheeler motorized vehicles were most frequently (67.2%)involved in RTAs. More RTA occurred on daytime, Saturdays, July and November. Around half of the victims did not arrive in hospitals in one hour. The most common injury type was soft tissue injury (37.6%), followed by open wound (20.9%), fracture (18%) and traumatic brain injuries (12.7%).
Conclusions: According to the characteristic of RTA found in this study, following preventive measures are recommended Helmet was necessary for two wheeled backseat riders. Road safety education towards age group of 15-49 was compulsory. Precaution should neither be omitted regarding road safety on weekends, holidays, nor in rainy and festival season. Future studies could be focused on estimation of burden of disease caused by RTA and its determinants in Nepal.
Keywords: injury; Nepal; road traffic accident; road safety. | PubMed

Author Biography

Ling Huang, Department of Preventive Medicines, Medical college of china three gorges University, Yichang, China, Department of community Medicine and Public Health, institute of Medicine at tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
 

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Published
2016-09-30
How to Cite
Huang, L., Adhikary, K., Choulagai, B., Wang, N., Poudyal, A., & Onta, S. (2016). Road Traffic Accident and its Characteristics in Kathmandu Valley. Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 55(203), 01-06. https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.2829
Section
Original Article