Medication Practice of Patients with Dermatophytosis
Introduction: Dermatophytosis is one of the commonest dermatoses observed in Dermatology OPD. It is caused by Fungus Dermatophyte. Its pattern and prevalence varies from region to region. As self medication practice is very common, we aim to find the prevalence of various clinical pattern of dermatophytosis and to find out the medication commonly used by the patients for this condition.
Methods: This was cross sectional observational study. The case collection was done from outpatient department of Dermatology and Venereology of a Teaching Hospital from 15th March, 2013 to 14March, 2014. Demographic, Clinical and other relevant details were recorded in Proforma after history and examination.
Results: The total number of cases were 594. Crural area was the most commonly involved. Tinea corporis was most common dermatophytosis followed by Tinea incognito. Risk of recurrence was highest in buttocks [odds ratio-2.404 (1.510, 3.827) and crural area [odds ratio- 2.298 (1.637,3.266). Topical steroid and topical steroid with antifungal was used by 225 (30.1%) and 226 (30.2%) respectively. Patients who consulted dermatologist were more likely to use antifungal, odds ratio- 12.060 (4.907, 29.643).
Conclusions: Tinea corporis was the commonest dermatophytosis. Due to practice of topical steroid misuse T. incognito was second common. It is essential to educate the general public, pharmacist and paramedics regarding the proper use of topical steroid.
Keywords: dermatophytosis; steroid; tinea. | PubMed
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