Self-prescription of Paracetamol by Undergraduate Students in BP Koirala Institution of Health Sciences

  • Ajay Kumar Yadav Department of General Practice and Emergency Medicine, B P Koirala institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.
  • Bijendra Kumar Rai Department of general Practice and emergency Medicine, B P Koirala institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.
  • Shyam Sundar Budhathoki School of Public Health & community Medicine, B P Koirala institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.
  • Anup Ghimire School of Public Health & community Medicine, B P Koirala institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.
  • Shree Ram Shrestha Department of General Practice and Emergency Medicine, B P Koirala institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.
  • Gyanendra Bahadur Malla Department of General Practice and Emergency Medicine, B P Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.
Keywords: Paracetamol; Self-prescription; health sciences students; undergraduate students.

Abstract

Introduction: Self-prescription of medicines are common especially in low income countries. Paracetamol is a common medicine that is self-prescribed also among university students. Incorrect use of paracetamol can lead to ill effects on health including liver failure. There is scarce evidence of the use of paracetamol by self-medication in Nepal. The objective of this study is to evaluate the paracetamol use by self-prescription among the undergraduate students of BPKIHS.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 570 undergraduate students of BPKIHS from February 2016 till July 2016. Pretested semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information regarding socio-demographic characteristics, paracetamol use and perception regarding paracetamol use. Systematic random sampling was done from a list of all medical dental and nursing students to select the study sample.
Results: Most (86%) students are in the category of 20-24 years. Female students are slightly more than male. Majority of the students are from Nepal. More than half of the students are from medical stream. Self-prescription of paracetamol is seen among 90.1% of the students in our study. Correct dose of paracetamol was mentioned by less than half (49.3%) of the students. Self-prescription of paracetamol is considered beneficial by all participants of this study.
Conclusions: Self-prescription of paracetamol by health sciences students of B P Koirala Institute of Health Sciences is high, while the knowledge of correct dose of paracetamol for adults is low. There is a need to further explore this gap and possibly conduct further studies for other medicines as well. 
Keywords: Paracetamol; Self-prescription; health sciences students; undergraduate students. | PubMed

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Published
2016-09-30
How to Cite
Yadav, A., Rai, B., Budhathoki, S., Ghimire, A., Shrestha, S., & Malla, G. (2016). Self-prescription of Paracetamol by Undergraduate Students in BP Koirala Institution of Health Sciences. Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 55(203), 11-15. https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.2831
Section
Original Article