Hysteroscopy in Abnormal Uterine Bleeding vs Ultrasonography and Histopathology Report in Perimenopausal and Postmenopausal Women
Introduction: Abnormal uterine bleeding is one of the most common morbidity landing women to attend medical attention in gynecology outpatient department. This study aims to evaluate the hysteroscopy finding in diagnosis of AUB and its correlation with ultrasonography finding and histopathological reports.
Methods:This was a prospective comparative study in which ultrasonography was performed in fifty patients with abnormal uterine bleeding attending OPD then hysteroscopy was performed. After removing hysteroscopy dilation and curettage was done and sample sent for histopathology. At the end reports of hysteroscopy finding were compared with sonograhic and pathological results.
Results:In the study women aged from 45 to 64years with the symptoms duration of 15 days to 6months. Post menopausal women seek medical attention more early then the menstruating women. Common symptoms are menorrhagia, metrorrhagia and postmenopausal bleeding. Most common abnormality was menorrhagia (32%) followed by post menopausal bleeding 28 %. Ultrasonography showed 46% of abnormal finding in which 17 (47%)menstruating women and 6 (43%) women were postmenopausal women. Among 50 women 17 (34%) had negative finding and 43 (66%) had abnormal finding in which most common finding of hyperplastic endometrium. Hysteroscopy correctly diagnose atrophic endometrium, polyp and endometrial Ca which is also confirmed by histopathology finding.
Conclusions: Hysteroscopy is reliable method for evaluating cases of AUB and it can be used as first line diagnostic method for benign lesions. Hysteroscopy guided biopsy has most accurate in diagnosing pathology.
Keywords: AUB; D and ; Hysteroscopy,OPD; Ultrasonography. | PubMed
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