Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Hypertension among Antihypertensive Medication Users

  • Shakti Shrestha Department of Pharmacy, Shree Medical and Technical College, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal
  • Bhojraj Adhikari Department of Medicine, Bharatpur District Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal
  • Ramesh Sharma Poudel Department of Hospital Pharmacy, Chitwan Medical College Teaching Hospital, Bharatpur, Nepal
  • Kailash Thapaliya Department of Pharmacy, Shree Medical and Technical College, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal
  • Tikaram Kharal Department of Pharmacy, Shree Medical and Technical College, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal
  • Mahanath Bastakoti Department of Pharmacy, Shree Medical and Technical College, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal
  • Nanda Kishor Bhatta Department of Pharmacy, Shree Medical and Technical College, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal
Keywords: attitude; hypertension; knowledge; practice.

Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension is growing among the population of Nepal. We aimed to determine the current knowledge, attitude and practice of hypertension among hypertensive patients taking antihypertensive medication in the community of Central Nepal.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the hypertensive patients in Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal from July 2015 to September 2015 using clustered sampling technique. Suitably designed and validated questionnaire of knowledge, attitude and practice on hypertension consisting of 27 questions were used to determine the KAP scores. The difference in the median KAP scores between sex, level of education and duration of hypertension were assessed using Mann-Whitney U test.
Results: A total of 200 patients met the inclusion criteria and majority of them were male (60%), had received primary education (36%) and had hypertension for ≥5 years (46.5%). The blood pressure ranged from 100-180/60-110 mmHg. The median K, A and P scores were 8 (6), 5 (1) and 6 (3) respectively. K and A were statistically associated with sex both at p<0.001 and level of education (K at p<0.001 and A at p=0.016).
Conclusions: The current knowledge, attitude and practice among hypertensive patients using antihypertensive medication can be improved.

Keywords: attitude; hypertension; knowledge; practice. | PubMed

Published
2016-12-23
How to Cite
Shrestha, S., Adhikari, B., Poudel, R., Thapaliya, K., Kharal, T., Bastakoti, M., & Bhatta, N. (2016). Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Hypertension among Antihypertensive Medication Users. Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 55(204), 86-92. https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.2848
Section
Original Article