Prevalence of Operated Facial Injury in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of a Tertiary Hospital

  • Safal Dhungel Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Medical Sciences and Teaching Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal.
  • Ashutosh Kumar Singh Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Medical Sciences and Teaching Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal.
Keywords: facial injuries; maxillofacial injuries; prevalence; trauma.

Abstract

Introduction: Maxillofacial injury is one of the commonest causes of surgery performed by an
oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Socioeconomic conditions, cultural variation, age, and gender
affect the etiology of the injury. The study is aimed to find the prevalence of facial injury that is
operated by the oral and maxillofacial surgeons in the College of Medical Sciences and Teaching
Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan, a tertiary hospital.


Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed using the chart from the hospital
registry for the patient being operated under general anesthesia from April 1, 2017, to March
2019. Simple random sampling was done using computer-generated random numbers. Ethical
approval was received from the Institutional Review Committee of the hospital. The Data for
the reason for surgery, age, age groups etiology, and tissue involvement were analyzed using
Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 20.


Results: Facial injury occupies 378 (71.59%) of the total operation performed by Oral and
Maxillofacial surgeon in a tertiary hospital. Soft tissue 196 (52.85%) and facial bone fracture
182 (48.15%) is distributed among the facial injuries. Young adults are commonly affected, and
the road traffic accident is the major cause of facial trauma.


Conclusions: Facial injury-related surgeries are more prevalent in the tertiary hospital of
Bharatpur.

Published
2020-01-31
How to Cite
Dhungel, S., & Singh, A. K. (2020). Prevalence of Operated Facial Injury in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of a Tertiary Hospital. Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 58(221). https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.4567