Prevalence of Domestic Violence among Infertile Women attending Subfertility Clinic of a Tertiary Hospital

  • Ajita Silwal Bir Hospital Nursing Campus, National Academy of Medical Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Bandana Thapa Bir Hospital Nursing Campus, National Academy of Medical Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Keywords: domestic violence; infertility; violence.

Abstract

Introduction: Millions of couples suffered from Infertility worldwide. Infertility can cause intense
emotional pain in women resulting in stress, anxiety and depression. Domestic violence in infertile
women can further results in poor health status and lowers the quality of life. The objective of this
study is to find out the prevalence of domestic violence among infertile women attending subfertility
clinic of tertiary hospital.


Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among infertile women in a tertiary
hospital from July to August 2018 after taking ethical approval. Convenient sampling was used. Face
to face interview was conducted using a structured interview schedule. Data analysis was done in
the Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage) were used to
analyze the data. Point estimate at 95% CI was calculated along with frequency and proportion for
binary data.


Results: Domestic violence was found among 62 (55.35%) women at 95% Confidence Interval (46.15-
64.55). The emotional violence accounted for 57 (50.89%), physical violence for 19 (16.96%) and sexual
violence for 18 (16.07%). The prevalence of domestic violence was more 22 (61.11%) in women with
secondary infertility than in women with primary infertility 40 (52.63%). The main perpetrators of
domestic violence were family members 28 (45.16%).


Conclusions: The study concluded that women experiencing infertility are exposed to various forms
of domestic violence, emotional one being most common. Routine screening for domestic violence
in infertility clinics is necessary to give affected women an opportunity to access appropriate health
care and support services.

Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
Silwal, A., & Thapa, B. (2020). Prevalence of Domestic Violence among Infertile Women attending Subfertility Clinic of a Tertiary Hospital. Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 58(226). https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.4886