Neonatal Sepsis as a Major Cause of Morbidity in a Tertiary Center in Kathmandu
Introduction: Neonatal sepsis causes high morbidity and mortality of newborns. The study aims to study the predictors and clinical, haematological and bacteriological factors of neonatal sepsis.
Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of Paropakar Maternity and Women’s Hospital in Kathmandu between October and December 2011. Demographic, obstetrics, clinical and microbiological data were studied for 300 neonates.
Results: The NICU prevalence rate of sepsis was 37.12%. Early onset neonatal sepsis was common (91.39%) (P=0.000). Cesarean section (OR 1.95, 95% CI 1.15-3.31), apgar score <4 at 1 min (P=0.00) and <7 at 5 min of birth (P=0.00) predicted sepsis. Neonates with sepsis were more likely to present with hypothermia (OR 1.180, 95% CI 0.080-17.214), pustules (OR 2.188, 95% CI 0.110-43.465), dehydration (OR 3.040, 95% CI 0.170-54.361), diminished movement (OR 3.082, 95% CI 0.433-21.950) and bulging fontanels (OR 16.464, 95% CI 0.007-41495.430). Coagulase negative Staphylococcus spp. (CoNS) (21, 41.17%) was most common pathogen of neonatal sepsis. Variable antibiotic resistance patterns of isolates with emergence of meropenem resistance in Pseudomonas spp. and methicillin resistance in CoNS and S. aurues were noted. Mortality due to sepsis was highest (15, 8.06%) among total mortalities (21, 11.29%).
Conclusions: Delivery via cesarian section, apgar score <4 at 1 min, and <7 at 5 min predicted sepsis. Morbidity and mortality of neonatal sepsis was common in this setting and early maternal and neonatal interventions are required to address this issue.
Keywords: morbidity; mortality; neonatal sepsis; predictors.
JNMA allow to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose. The author(s) are allowed to retain publishing rights without restrictions. The JNMA work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. More about Copyright Policy.