Kikuchi- Fujimoto Disease of Mesenteric Lymph Nodes Mimicking Acute Appendicitis
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease, or histiocytic necrotising lymphadenopathy of unknown aetiology, is a rare, benign and self-limiting cause of lymphadenopathy often involving the cervical nodes, and rarely presenting with mesenteric lymphadenopathy. We present a 26-year-old Caucasian male, who presented with right iliac fossa pain and low grade pyrexia, mimicking acute appendicitis. He underwent a laparatomy and an extended right hemi-colectomy for a caecal mass. Histology of the specimen showed lymph nodes with extensive areas of necrosis, with abnormal architecture suggesting Kikuchi-Fujimoto lymphadenopathy. This was further confirmed by immunohistochemistry. In this context maintenance of a high index of suspicion of this condition can avoid major surgical interventions. We describe the management of our case of Kikuchi-Fujimoto’s disease involving the mesenteric nodes and provide an up to date review of the pertinent literature on this subject.
Keywords: abdominal mass; Kikuchi- Fujimoto disease; mesenteric lymphadenopathy; necrotising lymphadenitis.
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