Knowledge of Alzheimer’s Disease Among Medical Students of a Medical College

  • Rachana Sharma Department of Psychiatry, Kathmandu Medical College, Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Subhash Chandra Sharma Department of Psychiatry, Kathmandu Medical College, Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Sudarshan N Pardhan Department of Psychiatry, Kathmandu Medical College, Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Pratikshya Chalise Department of Psychiatry, Kathmandu Medical College, Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Luna Paudel Department of Psychiatry, Kathmandu Medical College, Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Keywords: alzheimer`s disease; dementia; knowledge; medical students

Abstract

Introduction:Dementia is a public health concern as the prevalence is increasing worldwide with significant increase being in low-middle income countries. However these countries appear to be less prepared in handling this rise in terms of diagnosis and management.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Kathmandu medical College, from June 2017 to July 2017. Purposive sampling was done and the medical students who were in their first and final year of study were included in the study after obtaining an informed consent.

Results: Total 185 students were included in the study, 80 (43.24%) from first year and 105 (56.75%) from final year of medical study. The mean score of knowledge among the students was 17.44± 2.46; 15.32± 1.22 among first year and 19.06± 1.87 among the final year students. Majority of the students said they have heard about dementia however, only 3 (3.75%) of first year and 43 (41.9%) from final year students have either attended a class or CME on dementia

Conclusion:The knowledge about dementia was found to be average among medical students but better among final year medical students in comparison to first year. The knowledge was found to be better statistically among those who had either attended a class or CME on dementia or had exposure through different medias.

Keywords:alzheimer`s disease; dementia; knowledge; medical students.

References

1. Alzheimer`s disease International. World Alzheimer`s Report 2015. [Internet]. Alzhiemer Disease International;2015 [Cited 2018 Feb 12]. Available from: https://www.alz.co.uk/research/WorldAlzheimerReport2015.pdf . [Full Text]
2. Paudel L. Prevalence of depression among geriatric patients attending tertiary hospital [master’s thesis]. BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences. 2015. 103p.
3. Nepal S. Prevalence of dementia in old age patients attending psychiatric clinic in a tertiary care center over a period of one year [master`s thesis]. BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences. 2014. 85p.
4. Prince M, Bryce R, Albanese E, Wimo A, Ribeiro W, Ferri CP.The global prevalence of dementia: A systematic review and metaanalysis. Alzheimer`s and Dementia. 201;9(1):63-75. [PubMed | DOI]
5. Gautam PC. Introducing geriatric medicine to Nepal: an outline of a training program and a model for the delivery of services. Kathmandu University Medical Journal. 2008; 6(21):135-40. [Full Text]
6. Carpenter BD, Balsis S, Otilingam PG, Hanson PK, Gate M. The Alzheimer`s disease knowledge scale: Development and psychometric properties. Gerontologist. 2009;49(2):236-47. [PubMed | DOI]
7. Nagle BJ, Usita PM, Edland SD. United States medical student`s Knowledge of Alzheimer`s diseas. J Educ Health Prof 2013;10:4. [PubMed | DOI]
8. Smyth W, Fielding E, Beattie E, Gardner A, Moyle W, Franklin S et al. A survey based study of knowledge of Alzheimer`s disease among health care staff. BMC Geriatrics. 2013;13:2. [PubMed | DOI]
9. Kwok T, Lam K, Ho F. Knowledge of Dementia among Undergraduates in health and social care professions in Hong kong. Social work in Mental Health 2011;9:287-301. [Full Text]
10. Carpenter BD, Zoller SM, Balsis S, Otilingam PG, Gatz M. Demographic and Contextual Factors Related to Knowledge About Alzheimer`s Disease. Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. 2011 March;26(2):121-6 . [PubMed | PMC]
Published
2018-06-30
How to Cite
Sharma, R., Sharma, S., Pardhan, S., Chalise, P., & Paudel, L. (2018). Knowledge of Alzheimer’s Disease Among Medical Students of a Medical College. Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 56(211), 666-669. https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.3622
Section
Original Article