Prevalence of Teenage Pregnancy in A Community Hospital of Rural Nepal: A Cross-Sectional Study

  • Muna Maharjan HOPE School of Nursing, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8601-8620
  • Niresh Thapa Department of Gynecological Oncology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Hubei Cancer Clinical Study Center, Hubei Key Laboratory of Tumor Biological Behaviors, Wuhan, P. R. China http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3641-5622
  • Narayani Maharjan Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8930-7409
  • Pabita Rai Okhaldhunga Community Hospital, Okhaldhunga, Nepal
  • Prakash Pun Care and Cure Hospital, Kapilvastu, Nepal
  • Marcia A Petrini Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3494-0415
  • Jiong Yang Department of Respiratory Medicine, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, P. R. China
Keywords: pregnancy; rural hospital; teenage pregnancy.

Abstract

Introduction: Teenage pregnancy is a public health concern. Maternal and neonatal health outcomes
are negatively impacted in teenage pregnancy. The objective of the study is to find the prevalence of
teenage pregnancy in a community hospital of rural Nepal.


Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Okhaldhunga Community Hospital,
Okhaldhunga, Nepal. Ethical approval was taken from the Institutional Review Committee of the
hospital. Data were retrieved from July 2007 to July 2017 from the hospital record books. The total of
7054 records of deliveries were reviewed from the hospital records and whole sampling was done.
Subgroup analysis was done on basis of age, ethnicity, gravida, para, period of gestation, mode of
delivery, maternal or neonatal complications and birth weight. Datas were entered and analyzed
using Microsoft Excel.


Results: The total of 7054 deliveries were conducted in ten years among which 2050 (29.06%) were
teenage deliveries at the confidence interval of 95% (28.52% - 29.06%). The highest percentage of
teenage delivery was found among Janajati ethnicity of 1056 (53.3%). Amongst teenage delivery, a
significant tear was found in 157 (7.9%) as a maternal complication. Perinatal deaths were found in
27 (1.4%). 

Conclusions: The trend of teenage pregnancy remains almost same over ten years in the
Okhaldhunga Community Hospital. The overall prevalence of teenage delivery is higher than the
national figure. Low birth weight babies, premature delivery, perineal and cervical tears were the
common complications. Further health education and awareness programs might help to reduce the
teenage pregnancy rate.

Published
2019-06-30
How to Cite
Maharjan, M., Thapa, N., Maharjan, N., Rai, P., Pun, P., Petrini, M., & Yang, J. (2019). Prevalence of Teenage Pregnancy in A Community Hospital of Rural Nepal: A Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 57(217). https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.4083
Section
Original Article

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