Prevalence of Ruptured Intracranial Aneurysms in A Tertiary Care Hospital of Nepal

  • Suraj Thulung Department of Neurosurgery, Upendra Devkota Memorial National Institute of Neurological and Allied Sciences, Bansbari, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Binit Aryal Department of Neurosurgery, Upendra Devkota Memorial National Institute of Neurological and Allied Sciences, Bansbari, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Aashish Baniya Department of Neurosurgery, Upendra Devkota Memorial National Institute of Neurological and Allied Sciences, Bansbari, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Kajan Ranabhat Department of Radiology, Upendra Devkota Memorial National Institute of Neurological and Allied Sciences, Bansbari, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Bibhusan Kalu Shrestha Department of Neurosurgery, Upendra Devkota Memorial National Institute of Neurological and Allied Sciences, Bansbari, Kathmandu, Nepal
Keywords: Computed tomography angiography; intracranial aneurysm; subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Abstract

Introduction: Intracranial aneurysms affect 3-8 percent of the world’s population, with ruptured
aneurysms being the most common cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage. The sensitivity of Computed
Tomography Angiogram in diagnosing intracranial aneurysm is 97%. The aim of our study is to find
out the prevalence of ruptured intracranial aneurysms among all the admitted cases encountered in
our hospital.


Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was done at Upendra Devkota Memorial National
Institute of Neurological and Allied Sciences from 2016 to 2018. Convenience sampling method was
done. In order to detect the site and size of aneurysms16 slice Siemens Computed Tomography with
Computed Tomography angiogram was used. Ethical approval was obtained from the Institutional
Review Board at Upendra Devkota Memorial National Institute of Neurological and Allied Sciences.
Based on demographic data and computed tomography angiography findings, various morphometric
parameters along with demographic parameters were considered for the study.


Results: Among 10,856 cases, prevalence of ruptured intracranial aneurysms were found in 42
(0.386%) [Confidence Interval= 0.395 to 0.377]. Among 42 cases, Middle Cerebral Artery aneurysm
was present on 16 (39.02%) followed by Anterior Communicating Artery on 14 (34.14%), then
Posterior Communicating Artery on 5 (12.19%). The largest neck and dome size were seen in basilar
tip aneurysm with size of 11mm and 8mm respectively. The most common type was Fischer grade 4.


Conclusions: The prevalence of ruptured intracranial aneursyms were found to be higher as
compared to the other international studies.

Published
2019-06-30
How to Cite
Thulung, S., Aryal, B., Baniya, A., Ranabhat, K., & Shrestha, B. K. (2019). Prevalence of Ruptured Intracranial Aneurysms in A Tertiary Care Hospital of Nepal. Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 57(217). https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.4328
Section
Original Article