Prevalence of Perinatal Deaths in A Tertiary Care Hospital of Nepal

  • Yam Dwa Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, KIST Medical College & Teaching Hospital, Imadol, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Sunita Bhandari Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, KIST Medical College & Teaching Hospital, Imadol, Lalitpur, Nepal
Keywords: live births; perinatal mortality; pregnancy.

Abstract

Introduction: Perinatal mortality indicates quality of maternal and neonatal care and is high in
Nepal. This study was conducted to find out the prevalence of perinatal deaths in a tertiary care
center.


Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2017 to June 2018 at KIST
Medical College and Teaching Hospital. Details of each perinatal death were filled in predesigned
proforma from hospital in-patient records within 24 hours of perinatal death. The total of 1088 cases
were selected for the study and convenience sampling was done. Statistical analysis was done with
Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 17.0).


Results: Out of 1088 births selected for the study, there were 16 cases of perinatal deaths. Hence,
the prevalence of the perinatal deaths in KIST Medical College and Teaching Hospital is found to be
1.47%. In the same way, perinatal mortality rate, stillbirth rate and early neonatal mortality rate were
calculated and found to be 14.61 per 1000 births, 8.21 per 1000 births and 6.44 per 1000 live births
respectively. Preterm neonates constituted of 71.4% of early neonatal deaths.


Conclusions: Perinatal mortality rate was 50% lower than that of national survey, however comparable
with study at another tertiary care center at Kathmandu. Stillbirth and prematurity contributed
significantly to perinatal mortality. Provision of good antenatal surveillance, identification of high
risk pregnancies and good neonatal care to preterm neonates would be required to reduce perinatal
mortality.

Published
2019-06-30
How to Cite
Dwa, Y., & Bhandari, S. (2019). Prevalence of Perinatal Deaths in A Tertiary Care Hospital of Nepal. Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 57(217). https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.4431
Section
Original Article