Prevalence of Histopathologically Diagnosed Ophthalmic Neoplastic Lesion Among Ophthalmic Biopsies in a Pathology Laboratory of Tertiary Hospital of Nepal
Introduction: Many vision threatening or life threatening neoplastic conditions often mimic less aggressive neoplastic or non-neoplastic inflammatory variants. This study aims to comprehensively analyze the histopathological spectrum of ophthalmic neoplastic lesions tumors in a pathology laboratory in a tertiary care hospital.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Pathology at Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Morang, Nepal over a period from November 2016 to October 2018. Ethical clearance was taken from Institutional Review Committee of Birat Medical College. Sample size was calculated and convenience sampling was done. Data was collected in excel and analyzed in Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 16. Point estimate at 95% Confidence Interval was calculated and frequency and percentage was calculated for binary data. Subgroup analysis was done based on age, sex, nature of lesions and site of lesions.
Results: Prevalence of ophthalmic neoplastic lesion was 139 (55.37%), of which 74 (53.24%) were benign and 65 (46.76%) were malignant. Benign was mostly seen in females and of second decade and malignant was common in males and seventh decade of life respectively. Nevus in 18 (24.3%) and squamous cell carcinoma in 30 (17.6%) was found to be the most common benign and malignant lesions among the specimens. Conjunctiva and cornea in 52 (37.41%) was the most common location for those neoplastic lesions.
Conclusions: The most common ophthalmic neoplastic lesion was benign. Nevus is common in females and second decade and squamous cell carcinoma is common in males and seventh decade of life.
Copyright (c) 2019 Santosh Upadhyaya Kafle, Mrinalini Singh, Prerna Arjyal Kafle, BalKumar KC, Sanjeeb Kumar Yadav, Anadi Khatri KC, Madhav Panthi
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