Knowledge of Health Care Professionals and Medical Students Regarding Covid-19 in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Nepal

  • Harish Chandra Neupane Department of Surgery, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal
  • Niki Shrestha Department of Community Medicine, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal
  • Shital Adhikari Department of Medicine, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal
  • Siddeshwar Angadi School of Nursing, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal
  • Bishow Kumar Shrestha Department of Medicine, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal
  • Basanta Gauli Department of Anaesthesiology & Critical Care Medicine, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Nepal
Keywords: COVID -19; health care professionals; knowledge.

Abstract

Introduction: The lack of knowledge among health care professionals leads to diagnostic delays,
further spread of disease, and poor infection control practices. Health care professionals must be
updated knowledge regarding COVID-19. This study aims to assess the knowledge of health care
professionals regarding COVID -19 in a medical college in Chitwan.


Methods: A Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Study was carried out in a tertiary care hospital
in Chitwan, Nepal from April 22, 2020, to April 28, 2020. The institutional review committee of
Chitwan Medical College provided ethical approval for the research. Data were collected with an
online questionnaire using Google forms. The questionnaire was sent out to 724 potential responders
who included health care professionals from medical, dental, nursing, and allied health sciences in
Chitwan Medical College. A convenient sampling method was used for data collection. Data were
analyzed using Statistical Package of Social Sciences.


Results: A total of 181 respondents completed the web survey. Overall, a total of 35 (19.3%)
respondents were found to have “Good” knowledge; 105 (58%) respondents had “Fair” knowledge
and 41 (22.7%) respondents had “Poor” knowledge regarding various aspects of COVID-19. There
was no significant difference among the various health professional groups in their knowledge
scores under the four knowledge domains.


Conclusions: The study of knowledge of health care professionals could act as a reference for the
prevention and better management of COVID-19. This study shows that there is a need to implement
periodic educational interventions and training programs on infection control practices for COVID-19
across all healthcare professions.

Published
2020-07-31
How to Cite
Neupane, H. C., Shrestha, N., Adhikari, S., Angadi, S., Shrestha, B. K., & Gauli, B. (2020). Knowledge of Health Care Professionals and Medical Students Regarding Covid-19 in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Nepal. Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 58(227). https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.4995