Prevalence of Cervical Cancer among Cervical Biopsies in a Tertiary Care Center

  • Ganesh Parajuli Department of Pathology, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Sanobharyang, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Pravakar Dawadi Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Sanobharyang, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Sabina Khadka Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Sanobharyang, Kathmandu, Nepal
Keywords: cervical cancer; mortality; prevalence; screening

Abstract

Introduction: Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancer among the female population in
Nepal. The incidence and mortality rate due to cervical cancer is higher in developing countries
like Nepal due to a lack of proper screening and early diagnosis. This study aims to find out the
prevalence of cervical cancer among cervical biopsies in a tertiary care center.


Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among the hospital records of cervical
biopsies from the department of pathology of Shree Birendra Hospital from 1st May 2018 to 30th
April 2019. Ethical approval was taken from the Institutional Review Committee in February 2020.
This study was conducted among 146 cervical biopsies by using convenience sampling method.
Point estimate at 95% Confidence Interval was calculated along with frequency and proportion for
binary data. Data were analyzed using excel 2016 software.


Results: The prevalence of cervical cancer among 146 cases included in our study is found to be
6 (4.11%) at 95% Confidence Interval (0.90-7.32). Among those cases of cervical cancer, 4 (66.67%)
were squamous cell carcinoma, 1 (16.67%) was adenocarcinoma, and 1 (16.67%) was of other type.
Maximum cases of cervical cancer were prevalent among higher age groups.


Conclusions: Cervical cancer-related morbidity and mortality are different in different parts of
the world. It’s burden is primarily seen in developing countries where there is a lack of effective
screening programs.

Published
2020-07-31
How to Cite
Parajuli, G., Dawadi, P., & Khadka, S. (2020). Prevalence of Cervical Cancer among Cervical Biopsies in a Tertiary Care Center. Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 58(227). https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.5060

Most read articles by the same author(s)