Prevalence of Overweight Among Adult Women of A Metropolitan

  • Ashmita Nepal Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Science, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Urusha Karki Central Department Tribhuwan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Lisasha Poudel Nepal Institute of Development Studies, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Bibek Rajbhandari Nepal Police Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Shreejana Wagle School of Health and Allied sciences, Pokhara University, Kaski, Nepal
Keywords: Overweight, Obesity, Adult Women, Prevalence, Nepal

Abstract

Introduction: Globally, Overweight has reached epidemic proportions. It is an excessive
accumulation of fat that may impair health. Overweight and obesity area major contributor to
the global burden of non-communicable disease. The prevalence of overweight is commonly
assessed by using Body Mass Index (BMI), where overweight is indicated by BMI greater or
equal to 25. Overall, about 13% of the world’s adult population was obese in 2016, among them
women were more affected than men. Overall,female population is higher than male in Nepal
and concentrating on Kaski district female population are significantly more than that of male
as per population census of 2011. The objective of this study was to find out the prevalence of
overweight among adult women.


Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study, conducted among calculated sample
size of 185 adult women of Lekhnath Metropolitian of Kaski district, over six months’ period.
Sampling technique was proportionate random sampling. Ethical approval was taken from
Institutional Review Board (Ref no. 40/74/75). Anthropometric measurement was taken to
calculate BMI. Collected data was entered in Epi data, which was then exported to SPSS version
20 for further analysis. Descriptive statistics was reported for demographic, socio-economic and
various overweight related factors of the respondents as frequencies and percentage.


Results: Out of 185 adult women, 69 (37.3%) of them were overweight, 30 (16.2%) of them were
obese, and central obesity was seen among 97 (52.4%) women at 95% C.I.


Conclusions: The finding of this study shows prevalence of overweight and obesity was high.
Regular Physical exercise and balanced diet should be followed to prevent overweight and noncommunicable diseases.

Published
2020-07-31
How to Cite
Nepal, A., Karki, U., Poudel, L., Rajbhandari, B., & Wagle, S. (2020). Prevalence of Overweight Among Adult Women of A Metropolitan. Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 58(227). https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.5190