Use of Analgesia in an Emergency Department

  • Rabin Bhandari Department of General Practice and Emergency, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan
  • Gyanendra Malla Department of General Practice and Emergency, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan
  • Indrajit Prasad Mahato Department of General Practice and Emergency, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan
  • Pramendra Gupta Department of General Practice and Emergency, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan

Abstract

Introduction: Pain is a common presentation to the emergency department but often overlooked with little research done on the topic in Nepal. We did an observational retrospective study on 301 patients in the emergency ward of BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences with the objective of finding the practice of analgesia. The specific focus was on the time to analgesia, drugs for analgesia and method of pain assessment.

Methods: Case file analysis of patients discharged home after presenting with pain was performed. Time to analgesia and other factors were analyzed with descriptive statistics.

Results: Diclofenac injection intramuscular (80%) was the commonest analgesic used. Assessment methods and record keeping were poor. Pain in the abdomen was the commonest. The median time to analgesia from triage was 45 minutes (IQR 30 to 80) and the median time to analgesia from doctor evaluation was 40 minutes (IQR 20 to 70).

Conclusions: Time to analgesia from triage and doctors assessment in our set up is comparable to others. The quality of documentation is poor. Problems with pain identification and assessment may lead to inadequate analgesia so reinforcing the use of pain descriptor at triage itself with pain score would be helpful in adopting a protocol based management of pain.

Keywords: analgesia; emergency; Nepal.

 

Published
2013-03-31
How to Cite
Bhandari, R., Malla, G., Mahato, I., & Gupta, P. (2013). Use of Analgesia in an Emergency Department. Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 52(189), 224-228. https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.554
Section
Original Article