Implementing Self Sustained Quality Control Procedures in a Clinical Laboratory

  • Roshan Khatri College of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan
  • Sanjay KC College of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan
  • Prabodh Shrestha College of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan
  • J N Sinha College of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan

Abstract

Introduction: Quality control is an essential component in every clinical laboratory which maintains the excellence of laboratory standards, supplementing to proper disease diagnosis, patient care and resulting in overall strengthening of health care system. Numerous quality control schemes are available, with combinations of procedures, most of which are tedious, time consuming and can be “too technical” whereas commercially available quality control materials can be expensive especially for laboratories in developing nations like Nepal. Here, we present a procedure performed at our centre with self prepared control serum and use of simple statistical tools for quality assurance.

Methods: The pooled serum was prepared as per guidelines for preparation of stabilized liquid quality control serum from human sera. Internal Quality Assessment was performed on this sample, on a daily basis which included measurement of 12 routine biochemical parameters. The results were plotted on Levey-Jennings charts and analysed with quality control rules, for a period of one month.

Results: The mean levels of biochemical analytes in self prepared control serum were within normal physiological range. This serum was evaluated every day along with patients’ samples. The results obtained were plotted on control charts and analysed using common quality control rules to identify possible systematic and random errors. Immediate mitigation measures were taken and the dispatch of erroneous reports was avoided.

Conclusions: In this study we try to highlight on a simple internal quality control procedure which can be performed by laboratories, with minimum technology, expenditure, and expertise and improve reliability and validity of the test reports.


Keywords: Levey-Jennings charts; pooled sera; quality control; Westgard Rule.

Published
2013-03-31
How to Cite
Khatri, R., KC, S., Shrestha, P., & Sinha, J. (2013). Implementing Self Sustained Quality Control Procedures in a Clinical Laboratory. Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 52(189), 233-237. https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.560
Section
Original Article