Journal of Nepal Medical Association (JNMA) is an internationally peer-reviewed, MedLine/PubMed indexed, a general medical journal of Nepal Medical Association. JNMA is the first and oldest medical journal from Nepal since 1963 AD. JNMA is available at PubMed, DOAJ, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, EBSCO, EMBASE and other repositories.
JNMA abide by:
1. International Committee of Medical Journal Editors for Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals
2. World Association of Medical Editors for best editorial practice
3. Council of Science Editors for best editorial practice
3. Committee on Publication Ethics for practising good publication ethics
You can also view our author guideline (printed version) from HERE [You need to have Acrobat Reader installed on your computer]
JNMA is included and associated with
Journal of Nepal Medical Association is published bimonthly by Nepal Medical Association since 1963.
All expenses of JNMA incurred by Nepal Medical Association. It is also supported by Madhur-Ramesh JNMA trust and Anjani-Mukti-Kedar Trust. The print version of the journal is supported by Ministry of Health, Government of Nepal.
Publication Charge Policy
JNMA does not charge any fees for submission, article processing, publication and to read. The priority will be given to the scientifically conducted research by developing countries authors to help their work visible to the scientific communities.
The print version and digital version of the journal is archived in the NMA Library by Nepal Medical Association. Further, JNMA is looking forward to making digital archive in the most trusted platform.
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party. However, email and phone number of the corresponding author will be made available in correspondence detail of the article, to make it available in a good faith that like-minded people e.g. researcher could contact them.
Open Access Policy
This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. JNMA allow readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose, as long as the author and journal are properly credited, which ensures maximum dissemination and a wider impact of our publications.
The authors (or their employers) retain copyright in their work. The Corresponding Author has the right to grant on behalf of all authors and does grant on behalf of all authors, a worldwide licence to the JNMA and its licensees in perpetuity, in all forms, formats and media (whether known now or created in the future), to i) publish, reproduce, distribute, display and store the Contribution, ii) translate the Contribution into other languages, create adaptations, reprints, include within collections and create summaries, extracts and/or, abstracts of the Contribution, iii) create any other derivative work(s) based on the Contribution, iv) to exploit all subsidiary rights in the Contribution, v) the inclusion of electronic links from the Contribution to third party material where-ever it may be located; and, vi) licence any third party to do any or all of the above.
The JNMA allow the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions. The JNMA work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
For any concern or complaint regarding publication misconduct, please email at email@example.com with your name, affiliation, address with phone number. The privacy of the person will be maintained as long as legally permitted. According to the nature of the complaint, JNMA will take appropriate action.
Conflict of Interest
We require the author, peer reviewer, editors and editorial staffs to disclose any potential conflict of interest related to article and publishing process. We request authors to users Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form prepared by ICMJE which is a Uniform Disclosure Form for Potential Conflicts of Interest as a means of promoting a standardised approach to such declarations. Please download from HERE, fill the form and submit to us for disclosure of potential conflict of Interest.
Protection of Research Participants and Patients’ Rights to Privacy
When reporting studies on human, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the WMA Declaration of Helsinki - Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution’s or a national research council’s guide for or any national law on the care and use of laboratory animals were followed. Evidence of approval by a local Ethics Committee (for both human as well as animal studies) must be supplied by the authors on demand. Animal experimental procedures should be as humane as possible and the details of anaesthetics and analgesics used should be clearly stated. The ethical standards of experiments must be in accordance with the guidelines provided by the CPCSEA (animal) and ICMR (human). The journal will not consider any paper which is ethically unacceptable. A statement on ethics committee permission and ethical practices must be included in all research articles under the ‘METHODS’ section.
Case Report: Do not use patients’ names, initials, or hospital numbers, especially in the illustrative material in the article. Please download Case Report Consent Form, after taking consent, keep this form with patient's medical record chart. The copy of this form must be supplied by the authors on demand.
Research and Publication Ethics Policy
JNMA is the first medical journal and the pioneer in Nepal to introduce to submit "Ethical Approval Letter" for all research article submitted to JNMA. Maintaining research integrity is shared responsibilities among readers, researchers, authors, peer reviewers and editors. We take great care to make sure that research article has maintained such integrity.
However, if you suspect any misconduct in our published article, please report to us. JNMA reserve the right to investigate misconduct in any suspected article submitted or published in the JNMA. We will collaborate and communicate with relevant and concern authority to maintain ethics in research and publication.
JNMA Endorse Guidelines and Checklist
JNMA endorses the use of an appropriate reporting guideline when writing any health research manuscript.
We encourage you to submit completed checklists for the relevant guidelines (and flow diagram if applicable) alongside your manuscript, indicating the manuscript page on which each checklist item is found. Editable checklists for reporting guidelines can be found guidelines here or on the EQUATOR Network, which also gives general information on how to choose the correct guideline and why guidelines are important. Using a checklist helps to ensure you have used a guideline correctly.
Authors must check the EQUATOR Network, CONSORT and STROBE sites for any reporting guidelines that apply to your study design and ensure they include any required supporting information recommended by the relevant guidelines. Documentation (checklist) for specific studies should be uploaded as supporting information during manuscript submission.
At the minimum, your article should report the content addressed by each item of the identified checklist or state that the item was not considered in the study (for example, if you did not use blinding, your article should say so). Meeting these basic reporting requirements will greatly improve the value of your manuscript, may facilitate/enhance the peer review process, and may enhance its chances for eventual publication.
Checklists are not simply an administrative hurdle. We ask you to complete a checklist because this helps you to check that you have included all of the important information in your article and because it helps our editors and reviewer to complete the same check. If the checklist indicates an item that you have not addressed in your manuscript, please either explain in the manuscript text why this information is not relevant to your study or add the relevant information.
History of JNMA
Journal of Nepal Medical Association was first established in 1963 AD. The first chief editor was Dr Mrigendra Raj Pandey. It is the first and oldest medical journal of Nepal. Many distinguish academicians have shape and lead the JNMA. They have been honoured as Chief Editor Emeritus.
Chief Editor Emeritus
Dr. Mrigendra Raj Pandey (1963-1964)
Dr. Hemang Dixit (1965-1967)
Dr. BP Sharma (1967-1968)
Dr. Moin Shah (1969-1970)
Dr. YB Shrestha (1971-1972)
Dr. Santosh Man Shrestha (1973)
Dr. PR Satyal (1974-1976)
Dr. Shyam Bahadur Pandey (1977-1978)
Dr. Sanjib Dhungel (1979)
Dr. Shyam Bahadur Pandey (1980)
Dr. Tej S Malla (1981-1983)
Dr. Narayan Bahadur Thapa(1984-1985)
Dr. Sanjib Dhungel (1986)
Dr. Ramesh Kant Adhikari (1987-1988)
Dr. Mahendra Nepal (1989)
Dr. Rakesh Prasad (1990)
Dr. Mohan P Joshi (1991)
Dr. Neelam Adhikari (1992)
Dr. Nirakar Man Shrestha (1993)
Dr. Bhagavat P Nepal (1994)
Dr. Babu Ram Marasini (1995-1997)
Dr. Ugra Narayan Pathak (1997-1998)
Dr. Sudha Sharma (1999-2001)
Dr. Ramesh P Acharya (2002-2004)
Dr. Achala Vaidya (2005-2006)
Dr. Kusum Thapa (2007-2011)
Dr. Rabindra Pradhan (2011-2012)