Socio-Demographic Correlates in Patients with First Episode Depression in a Tertiary Hospital

  • Saraswati Dhungana Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Saroj Prasad Ojha Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Manisha Chapagain Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Pratikchya Tulachan Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal

Abstract

Introduction: Depression is the most chronic mental illness that afflicts mankind.It is widely believed to be the disease affecting mainly female gender, economically disadvantaged group with low level of education and those residing in the urban setup.There are only few studies looking into the socio-demographic correlates of depression in the context of Nepal.

 Methods: We looked at 70 patients with new-onset depression who met the criteria for diagnosis of depression as per ICD-10 DCR. A self- designed semi- structured proforma was developed to obtain the socio-demographic variables and was filled in the OPD and the data were analyzed.

Results: Mean age of the patients was 30.30±9.75 years and 70% of the patients were females. There were almost equal number of patients residing in and out of Kathmandu valley. Most of the patients had attained secondary level of education and were married, housewives and belonged to nuclear family. Majority were Hindus, Brahmins, and from middle class family.

Conclusions: We found that patients with first episode depression were relatively young with female predominance most attaining at least secondary level of education; and most belonging to middle class nuclear families.

Keywords: depression; ICD- 10 DCR; socio-demographic correlates.

Published
2014-03-31
How to Cite
Dhungana, S., Ojha, S. P., Chapagain, M., & Tulachan, P. (2014). Socio-Demographic Correlates in Patients with First Episode Depression in a Tertiary Hospital. Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 52(193), 677-681. https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.2590
Section
Original Article