CT Evaluation of Pelvic and Hip Fractures
Introduction: To analyze the spectrum of pelvic and hip joint injuries by computed tomography in patients attending to emergency.
Methods: CT evaluation with multiplanar and 3-D reformations of 62 patients done with pelvic and hip fractures during 18 months. The mode of injury and treatment were recorded.
Results: Forty four (70.9%) of the injuries were sustained in high speed vehicle accidents (automobile, motorcycle, autopedestrian), 14 patients (22.5%) had sustained fall injury and 4 patients (6.4%) sustained injury following slip on the ground. 31 patients underwent surgery for acetabular fractures. Associated injuries included spinal fractures (5), abdominal visceral injury (3), extremity fractures (13), chest injury (5), head injury (1), urethral injury (4), clavicle fracture (1). Forty patients (64.5%) had acetabular fractures, 25 (40.3%) patients had iliac bone fractures, 47 (75.8%) had pubic bone fracture. Sacral fracture was found in 17 (27.4%) patients. Associated femoral fracture was found in 4, hip joint dislocation was seen in 5 (2- central, 3-posterior). Sacroiliac joint diastasis was found in 13(20.9%) patients, pubic diastasis in 7 (11.2%), fracture ischium in 7(11.%) , protrusio acetabuli in 5 (8%).
Conclusions: Spiral CT with multiplanar and 3-D reformations has clinical values for precise diagnosis and treatment plan for the pelvic and hip fractures.
Keywords: pelvis; hip fractures; CT scan.
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